Canto 9: LiberationChapter 20: The Dynasty of Puru

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 9.20.24-26

cakram dakshina-haste 'sya

padma-koso 'sya padayoh

ije mahabhishekena

so 'bhishikto 'dhirad vibhuh

panca-pancasata medhyair

gangayam anu vajibhih

mamateyam purodhaya

yamunam anu ca prabhuh

ashta-saptati-medhyasvan

babandha pradadad vasu

bharatasya hi daushmanter

agnih saci-gune citah

sahasram badvaso yasmin

brahmana ga vibhejire

SYNONYMS

cakram -- the mark of Krishna's disc; dakshina-haste -- on the palm of the right hand; asya -- of him (Bharata); padma-kosah -- the mark of the whorl of a lotus; asya -- of him; padayoh -- on the soles of the feet; ije -- worshiped the Supreme Personality of Godhead; maha-abhishekena -- by a grand Vedic ritualistic ceremony; sah -- he (Maharaja Bharata); abhishiktah -- being promoted; adhirat -- to the topmost position of a ruler; vibhuh -- the master of everything; panca-pancasata -- fifty-five; medhyaih -- fit for sacrifices; gangayam anu -- from the mouth of the Ganges to the source; vajibhih -- with horses; mamateyam -- the great sage Bhrigu; purodhaya -- making him the great priest; yamunam -- on the bank of the Yamuna; anu -- in regular order; ca -- also; prabhuh -- the supreme master, Maharaja Bharata; ashta-saptati -- seventy-eight; medhya-asvan -- horses fit for sacrifice; babandha -- he bound; pradadat -- gave in charity; vasu -- riches; bharatasya -- of Maharaja Bharata; hi -- indeed; daushmanteh -- the son of Maharaja Dushmanta; agnih -- the sacrificial fire; saci-gune -- on an excellent site; citah -- established; sahasram -- thousands; badvasah -- by the number of one badva (one badva equals 13,084); yasmin -- in which sacrifices; brahmanah -- all the brahmanas present; gah -- the cows; vibhejire -- received their respective share.

TRANSLATION

Maharaja Bharata, the son of Dushmanta, had the mark of Lord Krishna's disc on the palm of his right hand, and he had the mark of a lotus whorl on the soles of his feet. By worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead with a grand ritualistic ceremony, he became the emperor and master of the entire world. Then, under the priesthood of Mamateya, Bhrigu Muni, he performed fifty-five horse sacrifices on the bank of the Ganges, beginning from its mouth and ending at its source, and seventy-eight horse sacrifices on the bank of the Yamuna, beginning from the confluence at Prayaga and ending at the source. He established the sacrificial fire on an excellent site, and he distributed great wealth to the brahmanas. Indeed, he distributed so many cows that each of thousands of brahmanas had one badva [13,084] as his share.

PURPORT

As indicated here by the words daushmanter agnih saci-gune citah, Bharata, the son of Maharaja Dushmanta, arranged for many ritualistic ceremonies all over the world, especially all over India on the banks of the Ganges and Yamuna, from the mouth to the source, and all such sacrifices were performed in very distinguished places. As stated in Bhagavad-gita (3.9), yajnarthat karmano 'nyatra loko 'yam karma-bandhanah: "Work done as a sacrifice for Vishnu has to be performed, otherwise work binds one to this material world." Everyone should engage in the performance of yajna, and the sacrificial fire should be ignited everywhere, the entire purpose being to make people happy, prosperous and progressive in spiritual life. Of course, these things were possible before the beginning of Kali-yuga because there were qualified brahmanas who could perform such yajnas. For the present, however, the Brahma-vaivarta Purana enjoins:

asvamedham gavalambham

sannyasam pala-paitrikam

devarena sutotpattim

kalau panca vivarjayet

[Cc. Adi 17.164]

"In this age of Kali, five acts are forbidden: offering a horse in sacrifice, offering a cow in sacrifice, accepting the order of sannyasa, offering oblations of flesh to the forefathers, and begetting children in the wife of one's brother." In this age, such yajnas as the asvamedha-yajna and gomedha-yajna are impossible to perform because there are neither sufficient riches nor qualified brahmanas. This verse says, mamateyam purodhaya: Maharaja Bharata engaged the son of Mamata, Bhrigu Muni, to take charge of performing this yajna. Now, however, such brahmanas are impossible to find. Therefore the sastras recommend, yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi sumedhasah: those who are intelligent should perform the sankirtana-yajna inaugurated by Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.

krishna-varnam tvishakrishnam

sangopangastra-parshadam

yajnaih sankirtana-prayair

yajanti hi sumedhasah

"In this age of Kali, people endowed with sufficient intelligence will worship the Lord, who is accompanied by His associates, by performance of sankirtana-yajna." (Bhag. 11.5.32) Yajna must be performed, for otherwise people will be entangled in sinful activities and will suffer immensely. Therefore the Krishna consciousness movement has taken charge of introducing the chanting of Hare Krishna all over the world. This Hare Krishna movement is also yajna, but without the difficulties involved in securing paraphernalia and qualified brahmanas. This congregational chanting can be performed anywhere and everywhere. If people somehow or other assemble together and are induced to chant Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare, all the purposes of yajna will be fulfilled. The first purpose is that there must be sufficient rain, for without rain there cannot be any produce (annad bhavanti bhutani parjanyad anna-sambhavah). All our necessities can be produced simply by rainfall (kamam vavarsha parjanyah [SB 1.10.4]), and the earth is the original source of all necessities (sarva-kama-dugha mahi). In conclusion, therefore, in this age of Kali people all over the world should refrain from the four principles of sinful life -- illicit sex, meat-eating, intoxication and gambling -- and in a pure state of existence should perform the simple yajna of chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra. Then the earth will certainly produce all the necessities for life, and people will be happy economically, politically, socially, religiously and culturally. Everything will be in proper order.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness